Health

What Is Whooping Cough, Phases And Symptoms Of Whooping Cough?

Whooping cough refers to a severe infection of the respiratory. Many people experience hacking cough with a breath intake that is of high pitch. When you hear it, you may sound it similar to a ‘whoop’. This disease was perceived as the disease of childhood before the discovery of the vaccine.

It affects both young and children who are not vaccinated. People with low levels of immunity can also suffer from this disease. People rarely die from whooping cough. It is common in infants. 

That is the reason the pregnant woman and other people who have close contact with the infant should be vaccinated. It is important for the protection of infants.

Symptoms

Once you get the infection of whooping cough, its symptoms appear in approximately seven to ten days. The duration of the appearance of symptoms can be longer than ten days. Following are the core symptoms of whooping cough.

  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Watery and red eyes
  • Nasal congestion

If you have whooping cough then your symptoms can become worse after one or two weeks. Thick mucus starts accumulating inside human airways. It leads to a severe cough that is uncontrollable. Prolonged and complicated attacks of coughing can lead to:

  • Blue or reddish face
  • Vomiting
  • Experiencing extreme levels of fatigue
  • The cough ended with a high pitched sound of whoop

Many people do not experience a whoop. Sometimes adults and adolescents only suffer a continuous hacking cough. In this case, it is the only symptom that denotes if anyone has a whooping cough. Infants mostly do not cough.

They struggle to breathe. The process of breathing can be stopped in children with whooping coughs.

Causes

A bacteria named Bordetella pertussis is the cause of whooping cough. The tiny droplets full of germs sprayed into the surrounding area when a person who has whooping cough sneezes or coughs. Anyone can breathe those droplets or germs present nearby to an infected person.

Risk Factors

The vaccine wears off when you take it in childhood. It makes adults and teenagers vulnerable to getting whooping cough. They may start experiencing regular outbreaks. Infants who are 12 months or younger than this have high risks of developing complications.

It does not matter if they are vaccinated or not. It can even cause the death of infected infants.

Complications

Many adults and teens recover from the symptoms of whooping cough without getting severe problems. Complications are the side effects that are caused by strenuous coughing like:

  • Abdominal hernias
  • Cracked or injured ribs
  • Presence of broken blood vessels in the area of your white eye or skin

Whooping cough has three stages. These are:

  • Catarrhal
  • Paroxysmal
  • Convalescent

You may develop the symptoms of whooping cough after five to ten days of exposure. The time duration of the development of symptoms does not exceed three weeks. The onset of symptoms of whooping cough is slow and harmful if you have the stage of catarrhal.

These symptoms are hard to distinguish from the symptoms of respiratory tract infections at a minor level. The irregular appearance of cough can become paroxysmal. It sometimes ended up causing an inspiratory whoop. Moreover, paroxysmal can also cause posttussive vomiting.

The illness may occur at a mild level. Symptoms of whoop and paroxysmal may not appear in adults, children, and adolescents who had received the vaccination. You can experience paroxysms of cough at the time of night. The severity and frequency of disease increase with its progress.

The cough occurs for seven days to six weeks or longer than it. A non-paroxysmal cough can remain for two to six weeks or more after moderate paroxysms. Apnea is the only symptom in infants. The cough can be absent or present in minimum frequency.

The awareness about whooping cough as a disease that affects adults and adolescents has been increased. Clinicians made differential diagnoses of this disease often. When we talk about the illness in general then it is less severe.

Prevention

Being vaccinated is the best way to be protected from whooping cough. Doctors may prescribe you vaccines in combination for other complicated diseases too like tetanus and diphtheria. Doctors recommend receiving vaccines during the stage of infancy.

The phase of the vaccine consists of five injections. Typically, the child receives vaccines at the following ages.

  •  2 and 4 months
  • 6 and 15 months
  • 18 months to 4 and 6 years

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