Many people have a real urge to have children at some time in their lives. Recognizing what constitutes normal fertility is critical in assisting a couple in determining when help is needed. The majority of couples will become pregnant after trying for at least a year, with the best chance of fertilization occurring in the first few months. By the following year, only a small percentage of couples will become pregnant. This is why infertility is now defined as the failure to become pregnant within a year. Almost 20% of couples are considered to be infertile. There are a number of situations in which it is prudent to seek assistance sooner rather than later.
What Are Some of the Reasons for Infertility?
-Irregular menstrual cycle: During regular menstruation, the female always ovulates on a routine basis. The egg is released from the ovary about 2 weeks prior to the beginning of the next period. If a woman’s cycles are more than 35 days apart, this may be an indication that the egg isn’t being released. The egg’s ovulation is required for conception to occur. As a result, if a couple actively trying to become pregnant, but do not have regular menstrual cycles, an evaluation is recommended.
-Semen anomalies: If a semen analysis shows that the male partner isn’t producing enough sperm, fertility testing is highly recommended. This should be done after trying for at least six months.
-Uterine fibroids: Fibroids impede the way the uterine lining and fertilized egg engage. This significantly reduces the rate of implantation as well as pregnancy. It can also prevent the menstrual cycle from occurring at a regular rate.
-Sexually transmitted diseases: The fallopian tubes can become inflamed or bruised from certain STDs, such Gonorrhea or even Chlamydia. Inflammation can cause narrowing of the fallopian tubes and, thus, prevent the egg from effectively traveling through the tubes for fertilization.
-Advanced childbearing age: Believe it or not, advanced age infertility is the common reason why infertility occurs today. For reasons unknown, the egg quality and the number of eggs declines rapidly as women get older.
What are the Treatment Options for Infertility?
There are numerous ways to assist people with various types of fertility issues, thanks to advances in technology. The best options for you are determined by your individual circumstance and the cause of your infertility. Dr. Saadat’s testimonials demonstrate that the following top 6 treatments work and have improved the lives of his patients.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
It is a procedure whereby eggs are gathered and fertilized with the help of sperm outside of the body in a designated laboratory. IVF includes extracting eggs straight from the ovary, fertilizing them in the laboratory with sperm, and then transferring the fertilized egg straight into the womb, skipping the fallopian tubes.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination is the method of washing and getting sperm ready to be placed into the uterine cavity. At the same time, it avoids the cervix, while introducing an elevated concentration of sperm closer to the fallopian tubes and released egg.
Egg donation involves utilizing the egg of a donor in conjunction with IVF treatment. This is typically an alternative for women who are able to sustain a fetus in their womb but are unable to utilize their own eggs for fertilization.
Typically, pills, such as Clomiphene citrate, are given in an effort to stimulate the release of a mature egg from the ovary (ovulation). This pill is typically taken on days 3–7 of the menstrual cycle. Clomiphene acts on estrogen receptors in the brain (hypothalamus) leading to ovulation.
Surrogacy is a type of fertility treatment in which prospective parents collaborate with a surrogate mother who is willing to carry and support the growth of their baby until birth. When intended parents are unable to begin or expand their families on their own, they turn to surrogacy.
Your healthcare provider may suggest surgery to rectify an irregularity, after a comprehensive medical history evaluation, ultrasound, and physical exam.