Covid-19

N95 Masks vs. Surgical Masks: Which Is Better at Preventing the Coronavirus?

Introduction:  

When the coronavirus explosion happened, our only hope was for health practitioners and staff. We want people at higher risk of exposure to the virus to get well soon. The focus of administrative control is health care staff who are actively and regularly involved in the treatment of the infected virus. They want these people to wear respirators rather than other masks and first get respirators because they need them most.

There is a shortage of this mask due to the high demand for the N95 respirator.

Words from Center for disease control and prevention –

Center for Disease Control and Prevention plan a format for use and availability of N95 Mask in the field of health due to insufficient supply.       

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed that people are in near-infected virus, suspected of having a virus, clinicians and others who are in close exposure must wear a respirator mask.

The coronavirus is a respiratory virus. It infects with aerosol. It is also mandatory to cover your face with a mask and practice good hygiene to protect yourself from this infected virus.

People in assenting patients, children heading for the examination, a disinfectant cleaner who cleans the room of patients, and laboratory staff who gather samples and process them. Other persons who work with or are in touch should obey the precautionary rules laid down by the Center for Disease Control and Precaution.

N95 Mask :

N95 Mask is simply a filter that cleans the air we breathe by removing microscopic dust, mold spores, pollen, and bacteria that can cause some severe respiratory disorders such as asthma and bronchitis. It has filters and air passageways to capture particles and air. The first step in using it is to apply the mask to the patient’s face until the filter is in the air passageway. The air passes through the filter, and the next step is cleaning, which means washing the face with water to eliminate any residues of soap, dust, mold spores, etc. The water reaches the patient’s nose and throat through the breathing system of the mask.

  • Filtering facepiece N95 Respirators provide more safety against airborne particles than surgical masks or fabric face covers since they are designed to be tightened and can remove both large and small particles, like aerosols.
  • N95 masks are evaluated and accredited by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to ensure that at least 95 % of airborne contaminants can be eliminated from the filtering facepiece.
  • Some manufacturers sell N95 Surgical Facepiece Respirator Filtration, which is certified by the FDA for fluid resistance and is also tested and certified by NIOSH as a Respirator.
  • N95 Respirators are not for the general public wear as a Centre for disease control and prevention. It better optimizes the supply of N95 to needed people.

Surgical Mask:

A surgical mask is a loose, removable product that provides a physical barrier between the mouth and nose and possible pollutants in the immediate area. Surgical masks are not to be exchanged and can be used as surgical, isolation, dental, or medical masks. They could come with or without a face shield. They are known as face masks, but not all face masks are regulated as surgical masks. Surgical masks are made of different thicknesses and can shield you from contact with liquids.

If worn correctly, a surgical mask is designed to help block large-particle droplets, splashes, sprays, or splatters that can contain germs (viruses and bacteria), preventing them from touching the mouth and nose. 

  • Surgical masks can also help minimize the exposure of your saliva and respiratory secretions to others.
  • Surgical masks are not designed for use more than once. If a mask is scratched or breathing through the mask becomes difficult, remove the face mask, discard it securely, and replace it with a new one. 
  • To remove your mask securely, place it in a plastic bag and throw it in the garbage. After handling the mask, wash your hands.
  • Surgical masks are not known to be respiratory protection. According to the CDC, they do not have reliable protection against inhalation of smaller airborne particles.
  • There are also disposable face coverings that look similar to surgical masks but are not tested for fluid resistance and are not approved for use by the FDA in medical settings.

Conclusion : 

Surgical masks are not respiratory masks and are not meant to provide the wearer with respiratory protection. They are cleared for use by the FDA for fluid resistance and can also help protect patients from respiratory droplets expelled by the wearer. Some manufacturers sell N95 surgical respirators, cleared by the FDA for fluid resistance and checked and certified by NIOSH as respirators.

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