Games

How can a beginner solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube?

Rubik’s cube is one of the most loved and popular puzzles. It might seem intimidating at first, but that is not really the case once you get the hang of it. To purchase a Rubik’s Cube before you start learning the beginner method, visit here.

To solve a Rubik’s Cube, you need the right algorithms that we will discuss below and a commitment to solving the cube. One of the most popularly chosen ways of learning the Rubik’s Cube is to follow guides and tutorials. 

Notation to Remember

Face Notation
Left Face L
Right Face R
Up Face U
Down Face (bottom of the cube) D
Front Face (the side facing you) F
Back Face (the side facing away from you) B
Middle Face (the center ‘slice’) M
Entire Cube Y

How to solve a Rubik’s cube

Step 1: Create a white cross

Hold the cube with the white Face up. However, you won’t necessarily start with a finished white face. Therefore, remember that the center cube determines a face’s color. This means that the Face with a white cube in the center should be facing up. 

The first step is to create a cross on the white Face. There is no such algorithm to perform here since there could be so many other permutations of the cube. Therefore, you need to focus on creating the white cross using intuitive movements. 

Once you have created the white cross, you will see that there are two blocks of the same color aligned on each Face directly below the white block on the top Face. In the event that it doesn’t seem right, keep working until the cubes are correctly aligned before getting on to the next step. 

Step 2: Solve the white corners

Once the white cross is in the right place, you need to finish the Face by solving all the white corners. This white cross becomes a foundation for you to organize your side color. For this step, we will need to walk through some algorithms to get the right cube placement. 

Event: If your centerpieces have somehow migrated or moved, you will need to set up the white cross again. By running the algorithm stated below, you can place centerpieces exactly where they began 

Algorithm: 

Ri Di R D 1. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

2. Rotate the down face anticlockwise

3. Rotate the right face clockwise

4. Rotate the down face clockwise.

After performing this algorithm, if your face cube faces down, then you should repeat it three times more. However, if the white cube faces are left, then you should repeat this algorithm five times. 

Event: If your white center cube faces towards the right

Algorithm: 

Ri Di R 1. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

2. Rotate the down face anticlockwise

3. Rotate the right face clockwise

 Event: If the white center cube faces left

Algorithm: 

F D Fi 1. Rotate the front face clockwise

2. Rotate the down face clockwise

3. Rotate the front face anticlockwise

Event: If your white cube is on the bottom 

Algorithm: 

Ri D2 R D Ri Di R 1. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

2. Rotate the down face clockwise twice

3. Rotate the right face clockwise

4. Rotate the down face clockwise

5. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

6. Rotate the down face anticlockwise

7. Rotate the right face clockwise

Event: If the white center cube is on top, but the top layer does not have all the same colors. 

Algorithm 

L D Li Ri Di R 1. Rotate the left face clockwise

2. Rotate the down face clockwise

3.Rotate the left face anticlockwise

4. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

5. Rotate the down face anticlockwise

6. Rotate the right face clockwise

Keep repeating the above algorithm until all the colors match up. There should be three cubes of the same color on the top layer and one in the second layer’s center. 

Step 3: Solve the middle layer. 

If you have followed all the algorithms correctly, the white Face should be completed, except for the Face opposite it. That Face should have three blocks of the same color in the top layer and one block of the same color in the center of your Face. 

Now, with the help of algorithms and combinations, you must rotate the cube until the completed white Face is on the bottom. The goal here is to get the colored edge pieces into their correct place. There are a few algorithms that can help you achieve this.

Event: If you want to move the center top block to the second layer left 

Algorithm: 

Ui Li U L U F Ui Fi 1. Rotate the up face anticlockwise

2. Rotate the left face anticlockwise

3. Rotate the up face clockwise

4. Rotate the left face clockwise

5. Rotate the up face clockwise

6. Rotate the front face clockwise

7. Rotate the up face anticlockwise

8. Rotate the front face anticlockwise

Step 4: Create a yellow cross

This step is almost similar to the first step you started with. However, there are more cubes to think of now since you have already solved a huge part of the puzzle. 

You would notice a few different patterns on your cube. Observe the top Face of and image a yellow cross ignoring the edges. You might be a single yellow block or a line. 

Once you have understood the right arrangement, follow the algorithm stated below based on the events. 

Algorithm: 

F R U Ri Ui Fi   1. Rotate the font face clockwise

2. Rotate the right face clockwise

3. Rotate the up face clockwise

4. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

5. Rotate the up face anticlockwise

6. Rotate the front face anticlockwise

If you have a single yellow block, then repeat the algorithm thrice. 

If you have an L-shaped pattern, then rotate your cube until the L shape becomes the edge piece in the top left, and then repeat the algorithm twice. 

If you have a line, then rotate the cube until the line is horizontal and repeat the algorithms once. 

Step 5: Swap the yellow edges with the top layer

Now that your yellow cross is created and aligned correctly use the algorithm stated below to swap the front and left-top edges. 

  

R U Ri U R U2 Ri U   1. Rotate the right face clockwise

2. Rotate the up face clockwise

3. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

4. Rotate the up face clockwise

5. Rotate the right face clockwise

6. Rotate the up face clockwise twice

7. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

8. Rotate the up face clockwise

Step 6: Position the yellow corners

The next step is to position the yellow corners exactly where they belong. It does not matter if the orientation is incorrect; they simply need to be placed in the correct blocks. 

To do this, you need to find a yellow corner that is in the right position (even if it is not on the top face). Rotate the entire cube such that the yellow corner is in the front-right-top position. Then, use the algorithm below until the other three corners and in the correct position. 

U R Ui Li U Ri Ui L 1. Rotate the up face clockwise

2. Rotate the right face clockwise

3. Rotate the up face anticlockwise

4. Rotate the left face anticlockwise

5. Rotate the up face clockwise

6. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

7. Rotate the up face anticlockwise

8. Rotate the left face clockwise

Step 7: Solve the final layer corners

You’re almost there now! Suppose you have followed and performed the algorithms correctly. In that case, the yellow blocks will now be well-positioned, and you only need to align the corners. 

To do this, rotate the cube in your hand such that the piece you with to orient is in the front-right-top corner. Now, simply follow the algorithm below to put the cubes in their right places. 

Ri Di R D 1. Rotate the right face anticlockwise

2. Rotate the down face anticlockwise

3. Rotate the right face clockwise

4. Rotate the down face clockwise

Wrapping it up!

To learn the Rubik’s Cube, you need to invest a considerable amount of time. However, you should master this beginner’s method before you move on to learning any advanced methods. This will create an excellent foundation for you to understand your fingers’ working of the cube and seamless movements. You can then move on to learning finger tricks that will help reduce your average time. 

Happy Cubing! 

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