Varicose veins are venous damage where the veins are swollen, bulging, and twisted. This disrupts the normal blood flow in the vein. Many factors can increase your risk of developing this condition, including genetics, gender, weight, age, and lifestyle. A variant of this condition is called spider veins, where a small cluster of veins is formed. They usually do not produce a bulge but are visible as a web-like structure, typically red or blue. Venous damage does not usually pose a significant threat to your health, but it can cause certain complications if ignored for long.
You can correct this damage quickly through spider vein treatment, done through sclerotherapy. This is a short procedure where a doctor injects a solution through a fine needle into the affected veins to treat them.
Potential dangers of spider veins
If you develop spider veins, you may be at risk for developing varicose veins. If left untreated, this can cause certain complications for your health in the long run:
- People with venous damage are susceptible to blood clots. These can be of two types – superficial or deep. Superficial clots are called thrombophlebitis and usually develop in the damaged vein itself. When a clot forms in the deep vein, it is referred to as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). This can be life-threatening.
- If you develop DVT, you may become vulnerable to a pulmonary embolism. In this, a clot or a piece of the clot breaks away and may lodge in the lung. Pulmonary embolism is a potentially fatal condition and needs immediate treatment.
- If you suffer trauma to your damaged vein, which causes a break in the skin, the collected blood in it may flow in large amounts. If the skin does not break, the blood may pool inside and cause bruising.
- If you have vein damage, you may be prone to ulcers on the skin near the vein.
- Venous damage can also lead to skin conditions such as rashes, infection, skin hardening, and skin color changes. It may also lead to eczema.
- If you have damaged veins, the pressure build-up in your veins may cause swelling in the affected area. This swelling can lead to pain and aches. Excess fluid build-up can also cause discharge from the skin.
If you suffer from venous damage or are potentially vulnerable to developing it, it would be best if you contact your healthcare provider, who can guide you through several home remedies you can adopt to ease discomfort. Your doctor can also suggest treatment like sclerotherapy to address your vein damage, a long-term solution.